The National Institue of Health (NIH) defines the stem cells as those cells which have the capability or potential to differentiate themselves into any specialized cell of the human body and that those new cells perfectly fulfill the functions that correspond to them.
The shoulder is an amazing and complicated ball-and-socket joint and is the most mobile joint in the body. This special freedom is possible since the socket part of the joint is quite shallow, so it needs a set of four tendons–the rotator cuff–to hold the ball securely in the socket as you lift and rotate your arm.
Surgeons in London have completed a pioneering human embryonic stem cell operation in a continuous trial to find a cure for blindness for several patients. The process was performed on a woman aged 60 at Moorfields Eye Hospital. It entailed “seeding” a very small patch with specialised eye cells and implanting it in the back […]